Poland

Permission to work
Visa
A visa is required for nationals of all countries except:
• Citizens of Schengen zone countries.
• Citizens of Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Canada, Costa Rica, Liechtenstein, Macau, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Nicaragua, New Zealand, Panama, Paraguay, Rumania, Salvador, San Marino, Singapore, South Korea, Uruguay, USA, Vatican, Venezuela, United Kingdom and Northern Ireland.
Citizens of the above countries enjoy visa-free movement in Poland if their stay in Poland does not exceed three months in any six-month period.

Procedure for obtaining approval. The authority responsible for issuing visas is the consul representing the foreign national’s country of residence. The procedure to obtain a visa depends on the type of visa. Consuls often have specific requirements, so it is advisable to check what documents are required to obtain a visa with the competent consulate before filing the application.

Cost. The fee for a visa is up to EUR60 or its equivalent in local currency.
Time frame. There are no statutory time limits for granting visas. Therefore, the time it takes to obtain a visa depends entirely on the consul. In practice, it often takes about two weeks to complete the visa process.

Permits
To work in Poland foreign nationals generally require a work permit. The following categories of foreign nationals are exempt from the obligation to obtain a work permit:
• Citizens of the EU, European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland, and members of their families.
• Foreign nationals with a settlement permit.
• Foreign nationals who have long-term EU resident status in Poland.
• Refugees, people granted temporary protection and people granted «tolerated stay» status.
• Other foreign nationals released from the obligation to obtain a work permit under specific regulations.

Procedure for obtaining approval. Subject to the exceptions above, before a foreign national can take up employment in Poland the prospective employer must obtain a work permit for that person. Work permits are issued by the province governor (voivode or wojewoda) competent for the employer’s registered office.
The province governor issues a work permit for a fixed term of no more than three years. In the case of managers (management board members), a work permit can be issued for up to five years.

A work permit can be issued by the province governor if both:
• The foreign national’s remuneration is not lower than the remuneration paid to a Polish employee in a similar position.
• The district governor (starosta) confirms that the vacancy cannot be filled by a person registered as unemployed or seeking employment, or if the recruitment organised for the employer turns out to be ineffective.
Several exceptions to these requirements are provided for in specific regulations.
A work permit is issued on the employer’s request, and is the basis on which a working visa is obtained by a foreign national intending to work in Poland from the Polish consulate or embassy in their place of residence.
Foreign nationals must also legalise their residence in Poland by obtaining a temporary residence permit if their stay in Poland is to exceed three months, subject to certain exceptions.
The employment contract with the foreign national must strictly reflect the conditions in the work permit relating to employment duration, place of work and employee’s position.

Cost. The fee for a work permit is:
• PLN50 if the employment lasts less than three months.
• PLN100 if the employment lasts longer than three months.
• PLN200 if the foreign national is seconded to Poland to perform export services.
Extending a permit costs PLN50.

Time frame.
It usually takes one to two months to obtain a work permit.

Living costs
The prices for renting an apartment vary significantly between locations, but it is typically possible to find reasonable accommodation for less than $500 a month in Poland, if you look in the right places. When first moving to Poland, it may be a good idea to sublet a single room, then explore the city for available housing in ideal neighborhoods.

Restaurants  Avg.
Meal, Inexpensive Restaurant 20.00 zł
Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course 100.00 zł
McMeal at McDonalds (or Equivalent Combo Meal) 16.00 zł
Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught) 6.00 zł
Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle) 6.00 zł
Cappuccino (regular) 7.22 zł
Coke/Pepsi (0.33 liter bottle) 3.58 zł
Water (0.33 liter bottle) 2.69 zł
Markets  Avg.
Milk (regular), (1 liter) 2.47 zł
Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g) 2.60 zł
Rice (white), (1kg) 3.30 zł
Eggs (12) 6.14 zł
Local Cheese (1kg) 21.69 zł
Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless), (1kg) 15.54 zł
Beef Round (1kg) (or Equivalent Back Leg Red Meat) 31.75 zł
Apples (1kg) 2.59 zł
Banana (1kg) 4.31 zł
Oranges (1kg) 4.42 zł
Tomato (1kg) 4.78 zł
Potato (1kg) 1.62 zł
Onion (1kg) 1.80 zł
Lettuce (1 head) 2.59 zł
Water (1.5 liter bottle) 1.85 zł
Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range) 20.00 zł
Domestic Beer (0.5 liter bottle) 2.87 zł
Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle) 4.06 zł
Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro) 14.99 zł
Transportation  Avg.
One-way Ticket (Local Transport) 3.20 zł
Monthly Pass (Regular Price) 100.00 zł
Taxi Start (Normal Tariff) 6.00 zł
Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff) 2.20 zł
Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff) 35.00 zł
Gasoline (1 liter) 4.74 zł
Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car) 67,690.00 zł
Utilities (Monthly)  Avg.
Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment 617.96 zł
1 min. of Prepaid Mobile Tariff Local (No Discounts or Plans) 0.26 zł
Internet (10 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL) 45.48 zł
Sports And Leisure  Avg.
Fitness Club, Monthly Fee for 1 Adult 117.14 zł
Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend) 44.42 zł
Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat 24.00 zł
Clothing And Shoes  Avg.
1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar) 247.74 zł
1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store (Zara, H&M, …) 130.47 zł
1 Pair of Nike Running Shoes (Mid-Range) 260.68 zł
1 Pair of Men Leather Business Shoes 287.79 zł
Rent Per Month  Avg.
Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre 1,598.53 zł
Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre 1,207.25 zł
Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre 2,708.29 zł
Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre 2,007.60 zł
Buy Apartment Price Avg.
Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre 7,654.85 zł
Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre 5,116.14 zł
Salaries And Financing  Avg.
Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax) 2,924.28 zł
Mortgage Interest Rate in Percentages (%), Yearly 4.28

Salary rates
According to the Eurostat Minimum wage level in Poland increased to 417.55 EUR/Month in December 2015. Average wages in Wages in Poland increased to 3895.33 PLN/Month

Job Gross Monthly Average Income Weekly Hours

 

Job Gross Monthly Average Income  Weekly Hours 
Computer Programmer average income 5,067 zlotys 41.0
Miner average income 3,760 zlotys 43.0
Engineer average income 3,600 zlotys 41.0
Accountant average income 3,342 zlotys 40.0
Professional Nurse average income 2,916 zlotys 22.0
Teacher average income 2,811 zlotys 25.0
Fire fighter average income 2,518 zlotys 40.0
Bus Driver average income 2,055 zlotys 40.0
Office Clerk average income 2,004 zlotys 41.0
Garment Cutter average income 1,957 zlotys 41.0
Postman average income 1,867 zlotys 40.0
Car Mechanic average income 1,836 zlotys 41.0
Baker average income 1,829 zlotys 42.0
Carpenter average income 1,632 zlotys 41.0
Hotel Receptionist average income 1,599 zlotys 42.0
Physiotherapist average income 1,491 zlotys 35.0
Auxiliary Nurse average income 1,491 zlotys 35.0
Wood Grinder average income 1,486 zlotys 42.0
Furniture Finisher average income 1,413 zlotys 41.0
Salesperson average income 1,327 zlotys 41.0
Chambermaid average income 1,282 zlotys 40.0

 

Sector
Mining-Quarrying average income 4,347 zlotys 41.0
Financial average income 4,335 zlotys 39.5
Gas-Electricity-Water average income 3,285 zlotys 40.0
Transport-Communication average income 2,593 zlotys 42.9
Real Estate average income 2,497 zlotys 39.2
Education average income 2,473 zlotys 29.8
All Sectors average income 2,380 zlotys 39.7
Manufacturing average income 2,112 zlotys 41.2
Construction average income 1,909 zlotys 43.8
Hotels-Restaurants average income 1,505 zlotys 40.5

The job market
Poland is the gateway between Western and Eastern Europe and is part of an evolving region with a growing economy. An increasing amount of investment has been flooding into Poland, making it a great place to search for fruitful employment in emerging industries. Plus beyond jobs in Poland, the nation is one of the most historically fascinating and culturally tolerant countries in all of Europe, making it an ideal destination for expats from all over the world.
Some of the country’s most profitable industries to enter into are communications, banking, and manufacturing. There are many internationally connected companies in Poland which look for bilingual employees to aid in marketing and customer relations, so knowing at least two languages will be a big boost to your prospects for jobs in Poland. You’ll have a better chance of securing a job if you can speak Polish. While English and German are the most commonly spoken foreign languages, neither is by any means commonly used or understood.

Locations
Warsaw is the country’s capital and largest city. Settled on the Vistula River within short distance of both the Baltic Sea and Carpathian Mountains, Warsaw is the premier global city in Poland and a major cultural and industrial hub of Central Europe.
Krakow is Poland’s other major city, a southern metropolis widely known as the artistic and educational heart of the country. Krakow’s beginnings is dated back to the 7th century, and parts of the city are so beautifully preserved that the old town became one of the first places ever to be named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 1970’s.
While Warsaw and Krakow are indisputably Poland’s two major cities, it is of course possible to find jobs in Poland in smaller cities or townships as well. Lublin, Wroclaw, and Lodz is an example of other locations where you can find jobs in Poland. Be warned though that the further you stay from Krakow and Warsaw, the less English tends to be spoken!