Czech Republic

Permission to work

EU nationals

Nationals of the EU, Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway do not need a Visa for their stay in the Czech Republic, irrespective of the length of their stay.

With the Czech Republic’s accession to the EU on May 1st 2004, EU nationals are allowed to enter the country using only their ID – no passport is needed anymore.

Other nationalities

Visitors of the Czech Republic from the following countries do not need a visa for a stay up to 90 days either, due to bilateral agreements:

Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Macao, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Republic of Korea, El Salvador, San Marino, Singapore, Switzerland, Uruguay, USA, Vatican and Venezuela.

All other nationals need to acquire a visa before coming to the Czech Republic. Although Transit Visas are usually given out on the same day, the general application process may be very time-consuming.

Note: All foreigners visiting the Czech Republic need to provide proof of their health insurance!

Resident visa

Procedure for obtaining approval. Foreign nationals can apply for a short-term visa (up to 90 days) or a long-term visa (over 90 days) for the purpose of employment. The application for the residency visa must be filed at the Czech Embassy or Consulate. The application for the visa must include:

  • A work permit issued by the Labour Office (or evidence of a filed application for work permit).
  • A document confirming that accommodation has been secured (for example, a contract for accommodation, a lease or confirmation from the person providing the accommodation).

The application will then be processed by the Ministry of Interior in the Czech Republic.

After the procedure is completed, the Czech Embassy or Consulate will ask the foreign national to return to the Czech Embassy or Consulate to submit their passport so that the new visa can be added to it.

Cost. The costs are as follows:

  • Short-term visa: EUR60
  • Long-term visa: CZK2,500 (as at 1 January 2015, 1000 CZK was about 37 EUR).

Time frame. The time frames are as follows:

  • Short-term visa for the purpose of employment: 15 days (it can be prolonged to between 30 to 60 days in complicated cases).
  • Long-term visa for the purpose of employment: 90 days (it can be prolonged to 120 days in complicated cases).


Procedure for obtaining approval. Before a foreign national can be employed for a particular position, the employer is generally obliged to notify the competent Labour Office of the vacant work position and its characteristics. The foreign national or his representative applies for the work permit at a regional branch of the Labour Office. It is issued for a maximum period of two years. The work permit can be extended if the employment will continue with the same employer, up to a maximum period of a further two years.

  • The cost is CZK500 (as at 1 January 2015, 1000 CZK was about 37 EUR).

Time frame. The time frame is 30 days (it can be prolonged to 60 days in complicated cases).


The Green Card and the Blue Card comprise both the work permit and residence visa. The Green Card is issued for a specific job position which is listed in the central register of job vacancies suitable for Green Card holders. It can only be applied for by those foreign nationals listed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (currently, foreign nationals from Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, Japan, Macedonia, Montenegro, New Zealand, Serbia, South Korea, Ukraine, and the United States of America). The Green Card is valid for two to three years (Green Cards issued to qualified employees can be extended under certain circumstances for up to three years). The Blue Card is issued to workers with higher professional or university education that have an employment contract for at least one year with a salary exceeding the statutory limit. A Blue Card is valid for the term of employment set out in the employment contract plus three months, up to a maximum of two years.

Procedure for obtaining approval. The application for a Green Card or Blue Card is submitted at a Czech Embassy or Consulate abroad and processed by the Ministry of Interior.

Cost. The costs are as follows:

  • Green Card: CZK1,000 (as at 1 January 2015, 1000 CZK was about 37 EUR).
  • Blue Card: CZK1,000 (as at 1 January 2015, 1000 CZK was about 37 EUR).

Time frame. Typically up to 30 days to process the application in for a Green Card, and 90 days for a Blue Card.

Living costs

The prices for renting an apartment vary significantly between locations, but it is typically possible to find reasonable accommodation for CZK 9000 a month in Prague, if you look in the right places

Cost of living in Chezh Republic


Restaurants Avg.
Meal, Inexpensive Restaurant 105.00 CZK
Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course 500.00 CZK
McMeal at McDonalds (or Equivalent Combo Meal) 120.00 CZK
Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught) 30.00 CZK
Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle) 35.00 CZK
Cappuccino (regular) 39.58 CZK
Coke/Pepsi (0.33 liter bottle) 27.95 CZK
Water (0.33 liter bottle) 21.21 CZK
Markets Avg.
Milk (regular), (1 liter) 18.28 CZK
Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g) 20.62 CZK
Rice (white), (1kg) 30.45 CZK
Eggs (12) 37.16 CZK
Local Cheese (1kg) 177.91 CZK
Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless), (1kg) 140.13 CZK
Beef Round (1kg) (or Equivalent Back Leg Red Meat) 223.83 CZK
Apples (1kg) 28.43 CZK
Banana (1kg) 30.11 CZK
Oranges (1kg) 31.57 CZK
Tomato (1kg) 37.68 CZK
Potato (1kg) 14.04 CZK
Onion (1kg) 14.42 CZK
Lettuce (1 head) 20.02 CZK
Water (1.5 liter bottle) 12.52 CZK
Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range) 100.00 CZK
Domestic Beer (0.5 liter bottle) 14.05 CZK
Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle) 25.83 CZK
Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro) 90.00 CZK
Transportation Avg.
One-way Ticket (Local Transport) 24.00 CZK
Monthly Pass (Regular Price) 550.00 CZK
Taxi Start (Normal Tariff) 40.00 CZK
Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff) 25.00 CZK
Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff) 360.00 CZK
Gasoline (1 liter) 31.97 CZK
Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car) 400,000.00 CZK
Utilities (Monthly) Avg.
Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment 4,096.32 CZK
1 min. of Prepaid Mobile Tariff Local (No Discounts or Plans) 3.49 CZK
Internet (10 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL) 392.40 CZK
Sports And Leisure Avg.
Fitness Club, Monthly Fee for 1 Adult 735.03 CZK
Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend) 220.39 CZK
Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat 160.00 CZK
Clothing And Shoes Avg.
1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar) 1,653.56 CZK
1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store (Zara, H&M, …) 825.24 CZK
1 Pair of Nike Running Shoes (Mid-Range) 1,780.10 CZK
1 Pair of Men Leather Business Shoes 2,057.78 CZK
Rent Per Month Avg.
Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre 11,122.38 CZK
Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre 8,167.10 CZK
Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre 18,213.00 CZK
Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre 13,477.99 CZK
Buy Apartment Price Avg.
Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre 55,297.39 CZK
Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre 36,422.26 CZK
Salaries And Financing Avg.
Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax) 22,199.43 CZK
Mortgage Interest Rate in Percentages (%), Yearly 2.43

Salary rates

Job Gross Monthly Average Income  Weekly Hours 
Flight Attendantaverage income 37,797 CZK 35.5
Computer Programmeraverage income 36,682 CZK 39.1
Engineer average income 33,851 CZK 36.9
General Physicianaverage income 32,349 CZK 40.2
Accountant average income 31,237 CZK 38.0
Firefighter average income 27,761 CZK 39.4
Dentist average income 22,574 CZK 31.9
Teacher average income 21,679 CZK 37.9
Professor average income 21,064 CZK 33.5
Bus Driver average income 19,758 CZK 43.3
Miner average income 18,952 CZK 41.0
Wood Grinderaverage income 18,606 CZK 37.5
Professional Nurseaverage income 18,048 CZK 38.6
Physiotherapistaverage income 15,238 CZK 38.6
Office Clerk average income 14,804 CZK 37.5
Carpenter average income 14,704 CZK 42.1
Hotel Receptionistaverage income 14,014 CZK 38.5
Car Mechanicaverage income 13,933 CZK 40.7
Auxiliary Nurseaverage income 12,704 CZK 39.3
Postman average income 12,599 CZK 35.5
Garment Cutteraverage income 11,328 CZK 37.4
Furniture Finisheraverage income 10,500 CZK 38.1
Baker average income 10,031 CZK 40.9
Salespersonaverage income 9,376 CZK 40.9
Chambermaidaverage income 8,660 CZK 36.6
Financial average income 34,853 CZK
Gas-Electricity-Wateraverage income 22,466 CZK 39.1
Mining-Quarryingaverage income 21,202 CZK 39.7
Transport-Communicationaverage income 18,488 CZK
Real Estate average income 18,367 CZK
All Sectors average income 17,030 CZK
Manufacturingaverage income 16,560 CZK 40.6
Education average income 16,343 CZK
Constructionaverage income 16,039 CZK
Hotels-Restaurantsaverage income 9,806 CZK

The job market

Since the Czech Republic is a relatively new member of the EU, many opportunities for international companies have recently arisen. The position of the Czech Republic, right in the centre of Europe, also boosts its attractiveness for many companies. Banking and management consultancy firms, especially, are choosing to base their European headquarters in Prague.

A strong growth in the electrical engineering sector, the automotive industry and in tourism can be witnessed around all the big cities in the country. Further, due to EU deregulation laws, IT and telecommunication services are booming, creating high demand for employees in these sectors.

Every Czech employer who wants to hire a foreigner has to prove that the position could not be filled by a Czech citizen. This process can be very hard and time-consuming. Many employers, especially in smaller companies, therefore avoid looking for foreigners in the first place. This is a great obstacle for expatriates.

Companies with a registered seat outside the Czech Republic are not affected by this regulation, even though a job offered by a non-Czech company might be exactly the same as a job offered by Czech company. It is therefore a lot easier for foreigners to get a job at an international company.

Where can you work?

  • Major industries: automotive industry, the leisure and lifestyle sector, IT/telecommunications/electronics, financial services — major international players in all fields from banking to management consultancy, and machinery and equipment.
  • Recent growth areas: the construction and engineering industries, and the tourist industry continues to expand.
  • Shortage occupations: IT specialists, engineers, skilled manual workers including craftsmen, machine workers and assemblers.


The major cities of Czech Republic are Prague, Brno, Ostrava, Pilsen and Olomouc.